ECRI 2010

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Ministerio de Ciencia e InnovaciónPresidencia Española 2010EUESFRI

Raymond L. Orbach

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Former Under Secretary for Science of US
Raymond L. Orbach
Raymond L. Orbach

Raymond Lee Orbach became the United States' Department of Energy’s first Under Secretary for Science in 2006, stepping down earlier this year. He was simultaneously Director of the Office of Science at the Department of Energy from 2002, managing an organisation that is the third largest Federal sponsor of basic research in the United States, the primary supporter of the physical sciences in the U.S., and one of the premier science organizations in the world.

The Office of Science fiscal year 2008 budget of $4.0 billion funded programs in high energy and nuclear physics, basic energy sciences, magnetic fusion energy, biological and environmental research, and computational science. The Office of Science, formerly the Office of Energy Research, also provides management oversight of 10 DOE non-weapons laboratories, supports researchers at more than 300 colleges and universities nationwide, and builds and operates the world’s finest suite of scientific facilities and instruments used annually by more than 19,000 researchers world-wide to extend the frontiers of science.

Dr. Orbach received his Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1956. He subsequently received a PhD in Physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1960, before moving to Oxford as a postdoctoral fellow. He became an assistant professor of applied physics at Harvard University in 1961. He joined the faculty of UCLA two years later as an associate professor, and became a full professor in 1966. From 1982 to 1992, he served as the Provost of the College of Letters and Science at UCLA. He subsequently became Chancellor of the University of California (UC), Riverside between 1992 and 2002.

Dr Orbach's research in theoretical and experimental physics has resulted in the publication of more than 240 scientific articles. He has received numerous honours as a scholar including two Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowships, a National Science Foundation Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship at Oxford University, a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship at Tel Aviv University, the Joliot Curie Professorship at the École Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielle de la Ville de Paris, the Lorentz Professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands, the 1991-1992 Andrew Lawson Memorial Lecturer at UC Riverside, the 2004 Arnold O. Beckman Lecturer in Science and Innovation at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and the Outstanding Alumni Award from the California Institute of Technology in 2005.

Dr Orbach is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr Orbach has also held numerous visiting professorships at universities around the world. These include the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, Tel Aviv University, and Imperial College London. He also serves as a member of 20 scientific, professional, and civic boards.